2013年6月20日 星期四

世界十大地質奇蹟

10 Of The World's Most Amazing Geological Wonders
 (with video)
美國猶他州和亞利桑那州交界處的神秘「石浪」
位於猶他州和亞利桑那州交界處的神秘「石浪」是由1.9億年前的沙丘演變而成。在不到200平方米的山間縫隙中,血紅的砂岩如海浪翻騰,剛和柔的奇妙結合令人歎為觀止。順著砂岩的紋路觸摸著精緻的波浪痕跡,彷彿還可以感受到億萬年前沙暴的精心設計和雕刻。

The Wave, Arizona, USA
The Wave is a sandstone rock formation located in the United States of America near the Arizona and Utah border on the slopes of the Coyote Buttes, in the Paria Canyon-Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness, on the Colorado Plateau. It is famous among hikers and photographers for its colorful, undulating forms, and the rugged, trackless hike required to reach it.

01「石浪」The Wave, Arizona, USA


02「石浪」The Wave, Arizona, USA
亞利桑那州的羚羊峽谷
羚羊峽谷位於美國亞利桑那州的最北部,距離小城佩奇大約三十公里,是北美印地安人最大部落納瓦霍人的屬地。這裡過去是野羚羊的棲息處,因峽谷裡常有野羚羊出沒而得名。

Antelope Canyon, Arizona, USA
Antelope Canyon is the most-visited and most-photographed slot canyon in the American.
03  亞利桑那州的羚羊峽谷Antelope Canyon, Arizona, USA
04 亞利桑那州的羚羊峽谷Antelope Canyon, Arizona, USA

洪都拉斯藍洞
洪都拉斯伯利茲市附近海域有一處叫做「藍洞」的水下坑洞,這個大洞直徑為1000英尺,深400英尺。它是在冰河時代末期形成的一個石灰石坑洞。
伯利茲藍洞位於大巴哈馬淺灘的海底高原邊緣的燈塔暗礁,完美的圓形洞口四周由兩條珊瑚暗礁環抱著。
大藍洞是全世界最大的水下洞穴,位於貝里斯外海約60哩(96.5公里)處,鄰近燈塔礁(Lighthouse Reef)。

Great Blue Hole
The Great Blue Hole is a large submarine sinkhole off the coast of Belize. It lies near the center of Lighthouse Reef. The Great Blue Hole is a part of the larger Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, a World Heritage Site of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

05 伯利茲藍洞The Great Blue Hole is a large submarine sinkhole off the coast of Belize
06 (Great Blue Hole大藍洞是一個名聞遐邇的潛水勝地

墨西哥巨人水晶洞
巨人水晶洞位於墨西哥奇瓦瓦沙漠地下深處,洞深達1,000英尺,洞內到處都是壯觀的發光巨型石柱,有松樹那麼高,全部為半透明的金色和銀色,晶體的形狀令人驚嘆叫絕。晶體形成於含有硫酸鈣的地下水。由於地下一英里處是岩漿,在岩漿的不斷加熱下,含有硫酸鈣的地下水從數百萬年前就開始滲透整個洞穴,從而形成水晶洞。

Giant Crystal Cave
Giant Crystal Cave is a cave connected to the Naica Mine 300 metres (980 ft) below the surface in Naica, Chihuahua, Mexico.

07  墨西哥巨人水晶洞 Giant Crystal Cave
08  墨西哥巨人水晶洞 Giant Crystal Cave
毛里塔尼亞的撒哈拉眼
撒哈拉之眼又被稱為“ 理查特結構 (Richat Structure),位於世界最大的沙漠—— 非洲撒哈拉沙漠西南部毛里塔尼亞境內,它的直徑達到48公里,從太空上清晰可見。起初該地形被認為是由於隕石碰撞所形成的,目前地質學家認為這可能是由於地質結構上升或侵蝕造成的,這種環型外型的形成仍是一個謎團。

Eye of the Sahara
The Richat Structure, also known as the Eye of the Sahara and Guelb er Richat, is a prominent circular feature in the Sahara desert of west–central Mauritania near Ouadane.

09  毛里塔尼亞的撒哈拉眼 Eye of the Sahara
10 毛里塔尼亞的撒哈拉眼 Eye of the Sahara

巴西藍湖洞
巴西馬托格羅索地區擁有很多神奇的地下湖泊。世界著名的「藍湖洞」就是其中之一。其內部的鐘乳石、石筍數不勝數,更有美不勝收的遼闊無邊的藍湖令人讚歎不已。藍湖各種各樣的地質風貌令人叫絕,內湖深藍色的水更使遊客留戀忘返。

Blue Lake Cave
Blue lake cave in Brasil is one of the most beautiful and most famous lakes in world. Amazing fact is that no human set foot inside the magnificent cave lake. This lake was founded in 1924 when an Indian discovered it. This cave is really deep, and inside it divers discovered lots of mammals fossils and bones, which one belongs to Saber-tooth tiger. Water in this lake is really clear and human eye can see bottom of the lake down to 295 feet. This is something amazing.

11.巴西藍湖洞Blue Lake Cave
12.巴西藍湖洞Blue Lake Cave
愛爾蘭的巨人之路
“巨人之路”是北愛爾蘭著名的旅遊景點,也是世界自然奇觀,1986年聯合國教科文組織將之作為自然遺產列入《世界遺產名錄》。在英國北愛爾蘭的安特里姆(Antrim)平原邊緣的岬角,40000多根玄武石柱不規則的排列起來,綿延6公里,氣勢磅礴,蔚為壯觀。

Giants Causeway
The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. It is located in County Antrim on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland

13. 愛爾蘭的巨人之路(Giants Causeway
14. 愛爾蘭的巨人之路(Giants Causeway
烏茲別克斯坦的地獄之門
地獄之門其實並不在烏茲別克斯坦達爾瓦茲小鎮。是在土庫曼斯坦境內. 1974年地質學家鑽探天然氣時,意外地發現一個地下洞穴,這個洞穴又大又深,考察團隊將帳篷和所有設備都搬進洞穴時才發現,洞穴的深度根本無法測量,最後只好作罷。研究團隊最後決定,將洞穴內的氣體點燃,等有毒氣體都燃燒殆盡之後再進入探勘。當研究人員放火之後,熊熊大火仍未熄滅,該洞穴目前真的有如地獄一般,這些年不知已經有多少噸優質天然氣被燒掉。
Derweze
Derweze is a village in Turkmenistan of about 350 inhabitants, located in the middle of the Karakum Desert, about 260 km north from Ashgabat. The Derweze area is rich in natural gas. While drilling in 1971, Soviet geologists tapped into a cavern filled with natural gas.

15. 烏茲別克斯坦的地獄之門 Derweze
16. 烏茲別克斯坦的地獄之門 Derweze
澳大利亞波浪巖
澳洲波浪岩是世界第八大奇觀,這大岩石並非一個獨立的岩石,而是連接北邊一百公尺的海頓石及狀似河馬張口的荷馬岩、駱駝岩等串連而成的風化岩石。波浪岩名副其實就像一片席捲而來的波濤巨浪,在波浪岩表面上的線條是被含有炭和氫的雨水沖刷時帶走表面的化學物質﹐同時產生化學作用﹐因此在波浪岩表面形成黑色﹐灰色﹐紅色﹐咖啡色和土黃色的條紋。在偏西的陽光照射下,線條顏色最鮮明的時候,波浪造型更加栩栩如生。 波岩石的附近還有澳洲的原住民 (Aboriginal) 遺留下來的史前壁畫。

Wave Rock
Wave Rock is a natural rock formation that is shaped like a tall breaking ocean wave.
It forms the north side of a solitary hill, which is known as "Hyden Rock." This hill, which is a granite inselberg, lies about 3 km (2 mi) east of the small town of Hyden and 296 km (184 mi) east-southeast of Perth, Western Australia.

17. 澳大利亞波浪巖Wave Rock
18. 澳大利亞波浪巖Wave Rock
菲律賓巧克力山
巧克力山是菲律賓保和地區一種奇特的地質構造。在大於50平方千米的地區上分佈著1776座山丘。它們被一種綠草所覆蓋,這種草在乾燥季節會變成褐色,就像巧克力的顏色一樣,這些山也因此而得名

Chocolate Hills
The Chocolate Hills is a geological formation in Bohol Province, Philippines.[1] There are at least 1,260 hills but there may be as many as 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometres (20 sq mi).[2] They are covered in green grass that turns brown (like chocolate) during the dry season, hence the name.


19. 菲律賓巧克力山 Chocolate Hills

20. 菲律賓巧克力山 Chocolate Hills
Adobo Design Awards 2013
BRONZE: Chocolate Hills (DM9JaymeSyfu)
巧克力山精美的DM設計